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  • Writer's pictureLiz Cartwright

Sensitivity Readers: Their Role and Importance in Modern Publishing

In today’s diverse and ever-evolving literary landscape, sensitivity readers have become an invaluable resource for authors. But what exactly are sensitivity readers, and why are they crucial to the writing and publishing process? Let’s dive into the role of sensitivity readers, why they’re so important, and how they can help you create more authentic and inclusive stories.


What Are Sensitivity Readers?

Sensitivity readers are individuals who review manuscripts with the aim of identifying and addressing potential cultural, racial, gender, or other sensitivities. Their goal is to ensure that characters, dialogue, and narratives are represented accurately and respectfully, avoiding stereotypes, inaccuracies, or offensive content. These readers typically have personal experience or in-depth knowledge of the communities, cultures, or experiences being portrayed.

You might also hear them called 'authenticity readers' or 'editorial consultants.' Regardless of the name, the core function is the same: providing specialised editorial feedback based on lived experience and expertise.


Why Are Sensitivity Readers Important?

1. Promoting Authenticity and Respect

In our wonderfully diverse world, readers expect authenticity in the books they read. Sensitivity readers help authors portray characters and cultures with accuracy and respect, adding depth and credibility to the story. This can be particularly important when writing about experiences outside the author’s own.

2. Preventing Harmful Stereotypes

Misrepresentation and stereotypes can perpetuate harmful biases and contribute to the marginalization of certain groups. Sensitivity readers help identify and correct these issues, fostering more nuanced and respectful portrayals that can enhance the overall impact of your story.

3. Enhancing Inclusivity

By ensuring that diverse characters and experiences are represented accurately, sensitivity readers contribute to a more inclusive literary landscape. This not only enriches storytelling but also allows readers from different backgrounds to see themselves reflected in the pages of a book.

4. Avoiding Bad Press

Publishers have long recognised the importance of avoiding bad press that can arise from inaccurate or insensitive portrayals. By working with sensitivity readers, authors can preemptively address potential issues that might spark controversy or negative feedback. As Helen Gould, a sensitivity reader, notes, “It’s a diversity and inclusivity thing on an organizational level,” but there is also “probably a PR aspect” too. “The last thing you want is to publish a book, and then have loads of people on social media saying this is offensive.”


Sensitivity Readers in the Writing Process

1. Initial Feedback

Sensitivity readers can provide initial feedback on early drafts, helping authors identify potential issues before they become deeply embedded in the manuscript. This early intervention can save time and effort during the revision process.

2. In-Depth Reviews

A comprehensive review by a sensitivity reader involves a thorough examination of the manuscript. They’ll point out specific areas of concern, offer suggestions for improvement, and provide context to help the author understand why certain elements may be problematic. For example, a sensitivity read report could review not only the characterization of an autistic character but also consider the overarching plot, how other characters react and treat this character, and even make suggestions about the language used.

3. Collaborative Revisions

Authors and sensitivity readers often work collaboratively, with readers providing detailed feedback and authors making revisions accordingly. This partnership can be incredibly enriching, leading to a more polished and respectful final product.


Finding and Working with Sensitivity Readers

1. Finding the Right Sensitivity Reader

Several publishers have their own in-house databases of freelancers, so your editor should be able to help you find someone appropriate. But if you're going at it alone, writing groups and social media can be great places to find casual sensitivity readers.

While all editors are trained to an extent to point out potentially problematic elements of authors' stories, some editors offer sensitivity reading as a professional, paid service. Try browsing these databases for a reliable collection of publishing pros:

2. Communicating Clearly

When you've found someone, it's important to reach out with key details such as the character/issue the person would be reading for, information about the character and their role in the plot, the word count of your manuscript, the genre, ideal turnaround, and the stage of the publishing process you are in. Be prepared with questions, if you have any; the reader is there to help you learn.

3. Respecting Their Expertise

Sensitivity readers are professionals who offer a critical service. Respect their expertise and the time they dedicate to reviewing your work. It can be tough to hear your work may harm or take advantage of a particular group—especially when your intentions were the exact opposite—but understand that the reader's feedback is aimed at helping you improve your manuscript and ensure it is respectful and accurate.

It's also important to note that while some people may offer to read your manuscript for free—such as friends or beta readers—do not expect this will always be the case. Sensitivity reading involves an element of emotional labor, especially when advising on emotive issues.



Sensitivity readers play a crucial role in modern publishing, helping to create stories that are authentic, respectful, and inclusive. By working with sensitivity readers, authors can ensure their narratives resonate positively with a diverse audience and contribute to a more equitable literary landscape.

If you're interested in staying on top of potential ethical issues in your writing, consider joining the Facebook group Writing with Social Awareness for advice from the incredibly helpful community there, or reading The Conscious Style Guide by Karen Yin and subscribing to her Conscious Language Newsletter.

Have you worked with a sensitivity reader before? Share your experiences in the comments below!


As an editor, I'm committed to providing you with free, insightful content, and I have no plans to clutter your reading experience with advertisements. If you've enjoyed my work and would like to support the continued creation of these articles, I invite you to consider buying me a coffee.

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